A Physical Model of Facial Tissue and Muscle Articulation derived from Computer Tomography Data [pdf]

Visualization in Biomedical Computing 1992

Keith Waters
Digital Equipment Corporation

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A facial tissue model, articulated by synthetic muscles, provides a tool for observing, analyzing, and predicting soft tissue mobility on the face. A geometric model of facial tissue extracted from CT data improves the skin tissue simulation by using accurate skin tissue depths. This paper suggests that the ability to control the model resolution, muscle placement and activity requires an integrated modeling and animation system.